Problem tree analysis on Livelihood insecurity among tribal community


The initiative was originated at the target communities. During filed visits and community meetings, the villagers approached RURAL ECONOMIC & SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANISATION (RESDO) and requested to undertake development projects on social issues and livelihood promotion in the form of request letters. Based on the priority of the need and demand from the community, RURAL ECONOMIC & SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANISATION (RESDO) has taken this initiative to design a community based sustainable livelihood project for sustainable development of tribal in remote villages in Samulamlan Block of Loktak CCpur District. The project mainly focus on capacity building for women empowerment, Skill development on agriculture, vegetable and alternative livelihood options, capital and tools support, creating community assets, networking and building community based institutionalism.



Project Narration Verifiable indicators Means for verification

Overall Objective:

Improve socio-economic status of women from Tribal communities in remote villages of Samulamlan block District in Manipur by end of three years.


Increased sustainable livelihood opportunities for women in Kom Keirap, Komrem Villages & surrounding areas villages of Samulamlan block of district in Manipur through promotion of women self help groups (SHGs) and Cooperative

  • 700 SHGs are operational in the target communities by end of the project.

  • 500 SHGs adopted viable micro-enterprises and increased their existing income by 30% by end of the project.

  • 80% SHGs accessed micro credit from financial institutions to start micro enterprises at the community level.

  • One Self Help Cooperative Societies registered

  • SHG registers

  • Training curriculum and attendance register

  • Baseline survey and PRA reports

  • Project final evaluation report


Results 1 - Women from Tribal and tribal and other disadvantaged communities are organized in to self help groups (SHGs) with requisite skills in SHG management

  • 700 SHGs are formed/ strengthened by end of the project.

  • All SHG members (@ 2 members per SHG) trained in SHG management, leadership and

  • bookkeeping.

  • 90% of SHGs are operating bank accounts and deposited a minimum of Rs. 5,000/- by each SHG.

  • 50% SHGs started internal credit lending to group members to support their microenterprises.

  • Training registers

  • SHG bank passbooks

  • SHG credit lending registers

  • Project progress reports

  • 5% of total SHG members are women with disabilities or belong to other disadvantaged communities.


Result 2 - SHG members are engaged in viable micro enterprises through improved vocational skills and livelihood support

  • 95% SHGs trained in agriculture cultivation using SRI system.

  • 40 SHGs trained in Vegetable cultivation units.

  • 60% SHGs received small support for promotion of kitchen garden

  • 50% SHGs received one time capital support to start locally viable community fair price shops

  • 20% SHGs received small support for Diary farm.

  • 40% SHGs received small support for goat rearing.

  • 10% SHGs received small support for poultry farm.

  • 10% SHGs received small support for Leaf plate making

  • Training ToRs and curriculum

  • Training reports

  • Monthly progress reports

  • Grant disbursement reports

  • Income monitoring reports

  • Distribution register


Result 3 - Increased access to Government livelihood entitlements and micro credit from financial institutions by SHGs

  • 30% SHGs accessed Government livelihood entitlements such as EAS, NREGS, SGSY, PMEGRY, PDS, Social Security, etc.

  • 30% SHGs accessed micro-credit from financial institutions to start micro enterprises at the community level.

  • 90% SHGs are aware of Government Department schemes for tribal communities and its access.

  • Panchayat enrolment records

  • Loan sanction records from financial institutions

  • Bank passbooks

  • IEC materials


Result 4 – Formation sub sector women Self Help Cooperative Societies

One woman Self Help Cooperative Societies is registered under Manipur Self Help Cooperative Society Act.

  • 10 office bearers of the Cooperative Society are trained in Cooperative management

  • At least 30 SHGs accessed marketing linkages from the Cooperative Societies for selling their products from vegetable, dairy and poultry

  • Registration certificates

  • Memorandum of association

  • Bank passbook

  • Cooperative Society service register


Activity Conducted by the project:

Activity 1.1.1: Conducting village level assessment including baseline survey and PRA exercises to collect detailed demographic information of 15 target villages.

Activity 1.1.2: Formation & orientation on SHG. Initial meetings with community members to form 50 new SHGs will be organized in all the villages.

Activity 1.1.3: Training on group dynamics to SHGs.

Activity 1.1.4 :Training on leadership development

Activity 1.1.5: Training on accounts and bookkeeping.

Activity 1.1.6: Refresher trainings to SHGs.

Activity 1.1.7: SHG exposure visits to other NGOs.

Activity 1.1.8: Celebration of World Women's Day.

Activity 1.2.1: Procurement of Quality seeds for paddy cultivation under SRI.

Activity 1.2.2: Training on SRI cultivation to build technical skills in SRI agriculture cultivation.

Activity 1.2.3: Procurement of storage bin units will be procured and distributed to 10 SHGs for creating grain banks, metal storage bins and safety net during period of food insecurity.

Activity 1.2.4: Orientation sessions will be organized for SHG members on the maintenance of the unit.

Activity 1.2.5: Procurement of Vegetable seeds for promotion of kitchen garden

Activity 1.2.6: Training on Scientific Agricultural vegetable cultivation to poor farmers

Activity 1.2.7: Training on Organic farming on vegetable cultivation to farmers

Activity 1.2.6: Promotion of alternative livelihood opportunities in the target communities for women like community fair shops and other micro enterprises

Activity 1.2.7: Vocational skill building on alternative livelihood opportunities.

Activity 1.2.8: Capital support to start alternative income generating activities will be provided like dairy farm, Goat farm and poultry farm and leaf plate making.

Activity 1.3.1: Workshop on government livelihood entitlements to increase knowledge on the existing schemes

Activity 1.3.2: Workshop on role of PRI vis-à-vis implementation of government entitlements.

Activity 1.3.4: Seminar on Right to Information (RTI) Act. Right to Information Act is enforced by the Government of India in 2005

Activity 1.3.5: Networking with financial institutions to establish and increase micro-credit linkages for SHG. Apart from financial institutions, the project will coordinate with Block and District

Activity 1.4.1: Organizing Cluster level meetings

Activity 1.4.2: Registration of the Cooperative Society will be undertaken

Activity1.4.3: Training on organization development and management will provide basic understanding about the organizational dynamics, development and management.

Activity 1.5.6: Training on financial procedures and management to provide basic understanding on the financial management of the society.

Activity 1.5.7: Networking for building marketing linkages.

Activity 1.5.8: RURAL ECONOMIC & SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANISATION (RESDO) will provide ongoing technical support to strengthen the society.

The following are some of the assumptions for successful implementation of the project

  • There is no major natural disasters affect the target area during the project period as the target area is prone to drought and floods storm sand manmade disasters like community violence.

  • The political scenario in the target communities does not change significantly.

  • There is no radical change in government policies with regard to livelihood entitlements.

  • The financial institutions continue to support SHG movement with financial and technical resources.


4.2. Target Area:

The project will cover KOMREM Villages, Upper & Lower Keirap, Khoirentak, KK Haotak, Kangathei, Sangpangjar, Harmontlang, Ichum Keirap, Kha Aimol, Louchulbung, Tokpa Kabui, Thenjang, Sadu Kabui, Laimanai Kabui, Majuron, Kokadan, Chaiba, Charoikhullen, Lamtan & surrounding areas Village tribal villages in Samulamlan block of Loktak CCpur District, Manipur ( India).


List of proposed Tribal villages

S.No Villages G.P H.H Male Female Total

Total 1054 2223 2249 4472

Source: Survey from field by Organisation field staff


4.3. Target People:

The number of direct beneficiaries of this project would be 7000 members from 700 women self Help groups of tribal community. The number of indirect beneficiaries would be 900 families.

The beneficiaries belong to Schedule Tribe (ST), and Other Backward castes in the target villages. The criteria used in the selection of beneficiaries will be:

· They should belongs to tribal and Tribal community

· They should be from the target villages

· Household from Below Poverty Line.

· Schedule Caste and Other Backward Castes

· Disabled women and widows

· Women from poor background who do not have any other alternative livelihoods

· Women who are physically, domestically and sexually harassed and those with HIV/AIDS


4.4. Project Duration: Estimated duration of the project is 20 years.

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